Woodville, Lionel, Bishop of Salisbury

(c. 1446–1484)
   The third son of Richard WOODVILLE, Earl Rivers, and the brother of Elizabeth WOODVILLE, wife of EDWARD IV, Lionel Woodville (or Wydeville), bishop of Salisbury, involved himself in the political turmoil of 1483 by helping to plan BUCKINGHAM’S REBELLION against RICHARD III. Educated at Oxford in canon (i.e., church) law, Woodville began his ecclesiastical career in 1478 when he was appointed dean of Exeter (i.e., head of a community of clergy residing at Exeter Cathedral). A year later, he was made chancellor of Oxford University, and in 1480 he acquired a prebendary (i.e., an endowment for the support of clerical services) at St. Paul’s Cathedral in LONDON. In 1482, he received the wealthy bishopric of Salisbury. WOODVILLE, LIONEL, BISHOP OF SALISBURY 303 Woodville was in London when Edward IV died in April 1483; the bishop fled into SANCTUARY at Westminster with his sister the queen when they learned of the arrest of their brother Anthony WOODVILLE, earl Rivers, by Richard, duke of Gloucester, as Rivers was escorting his nephew, EDWARDV, to the capital. By June, Woodville had left sanctuary, but in the autumn, after Richard III had usurped the throne and, according to rumor, had ordered the murders of Edward V and his brother, Woodville helped organize a rebellion of Woodville supporters and former servants of Edward IV that aimed at placing Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond (see Henry VII, King of England), on the throne. When the uprising failed, Woodville fled the country to join Richmond in BRITTANY, where the bishop died in June 1484.
   See also Plantagenet, Richard, Duke of York2 (d. c. 1483); Stafford, Henry, Duke of Buckingham; all other entries under Woodville
   Further Reading: MacGibbon, David, Elizabeth Woodville: Her Life and Times (London: A. Barker, 1938); Ross, Charles, Edward IV (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998); Ross, Charles, Richard III (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981).

Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lionel Woodville — Infobox bishopbiog name =Lionel Woodville religion =Catholic See =Diocese of Salisbury Title = Bishop of Salisbury Period = 1482 ndash;1484 Predecessor = Richard Beauchamp Successor =Thomas Langton ordination = bishops = post = date of birth =… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers — Richard Woodville (or Wydeville), 1st Earl Rivers (1405 ndash; August 12, 1469), was an English nobleman, best remembered as the father of Elizabeth Woodville, wife of Edward IV.Born at Maidstone, Kent, he was the son of another Sir Richard… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Beauchamp (Bishop) — Infobox bishopbiog name =Richard Beauchamp religion =Catholic See =Diocese of Salisbury Title = Bishop of Salisbury Period = 1450 ndash;1481 Predecessor = William Ayscough Successor =Lionel Woodville ordination = bishops =Bishop of Hereford post …   Wikipedia

  • Diocese of Salisbury —     Ancient Diocese of Salisbury     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Ancient Diocese of Salisbury     (SARUM, SARISBURIENSIS).     The diocese was originally founded by Birinus, who in 634 established his see at Dorchester in Oxfordshire, whence he… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • List of Chancellors of the University of Oxford — Below is a chronological list of Chancellors of the University of Oxford in England by year of appointment:[1] Year Chancellor 1224 Robert Grosseteste (Master of the School of Oxford since 1208) 1231 Ralph Cole (surname queried) 1231 Ralph de… …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

  • List of Lord High Treasurers — This is a list of Lord High Treasurers of England and later of Great Britain.Lord High TreasurersEarly*Nigel, nephew of Roger, Bishop of Salisbury (c. 1126 1133) *Adelelm, nephew of Roger, Bishop of Salisbury (c. 1136 1139)Plantagenet*Richard… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacquetta of Luxembourg — (1415/1416 ndash; May 30, 1472) was the elder daughter of Peter I, Count of St Pol, Conversano and Brienne and his wife Margaret de Baux (Margherita del Balzo of Andria). Family and ancestryHer father Peter I, comte de St Pol was a hereditary… …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Stafford, Countess of Sussex — Elizabeth Stafford (born c. 1479 ndash; 11 May, 1532) was a daughter of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and his wife Catherine Woodville. She was a sister of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Henry Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire …   Wikipedia

  • Honorary degree — For other degrees, see Academic degree. Not to be confused with an honours degree. An honorary degree[1] or a degree honoris causa (Latin: for the sake of the honour ) is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree awarding… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.